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What Do Mathematician Do?

Mathematician Job Description Conduct research in fundamental mathematics or in application of mathematical techniques to science, management, and other fields. Solve problems in various fields using mathematical methods.

Life As a Mathematician: What Do They Do?

  • Perform computations and apply methods of numerical analysis to data.
  • Design, analyze, and decipher encryption systems designed to transmit military, political, financial, or law-enforcement-related information in code.
  • Develop mathematical or statistical models of phenomena to be used for analysis or for computational simulation.
  • Develop computational methods for solving problems that occur in areas of science and engineering or that come from applications in business or industry.
  • Conduct research to extend mathematical knowledge in traditional areas, such as algebra, geometry, probability, and logic.
  • Maintain knowledge in the field by reading professional journals, talking with other mathematicians, and attending professional conferences.

Skills Needed to be a Mathematician

When polled, Mathematicians say the following skills are most frequently used in their jobs:

Mathematics: Using mathematics to solve problems.

Reading Comprehension: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Complex Problem Solving: Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Learning: Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

  • Engineering Mathematician
  • Cryptographer
  • Director of Quantitative Research
  • Cryptographic Vulnerability Analyst
  • Geometrician

What Kind of Mathematician Job Opportunities Are There?

There were about 3,100 jobs for Mathematician in 2016 (in the United States). New jobs are being produced at a rate of 29% which is above the national average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 900 new jobs for Mathematician by 2026. There will be an estimated 300 positions for Mathematician per year.

Forecasted Number of Jobs for Mathematicians in U.S.

The states with the most job growth for Mathematician are Idaho, New Jersey, and Virginia. Watch out if you plan on working in Maryland, Washington, or Pennsylvania. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

Mathematician Salary

The typical yearly salary for Mathematicians is somewhere between $57,150 and $160,550.

Salary Ranges for Mathematicians

Mathematicians who work in District of Columbia, Virginia, or Washington, make the highest salaries.

Below is a list of the median annual salaries for Mathematicians in different U.S. states.

State Annual Mean Salary
California $100,000
Colorado $122,840
District of Columbia $133,870
Florida $87,820
Illinois $103,220
Maryland $115,940
Nevada $79,980
New Jersey $117,060
New Mexico $106,790
New York $84,670
Ohio $86,280
Pennsylvania $76,250
Rhode Island $90,640
Virginia $121,240
Washington $123,380

What Tools do Mathematicians Use?

Although they’re not necessarily needed for all jobs, the following technologies are used by many Mathematicians:

Becoming a Mathematician

Education needed to be a Mathematician:

Mathematician Degree Level

How Long Does it Take to Become a Mathematician?

Mathematician Work Experience

Mathematicians Sector

Mathematician Sectors

Below are examples of industries where Mathematicians work:

Mathematician Industries


Image Credit: Wallpoper via Public domain

More about our data sources and methodologies.

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