# What Do Mathematician Do?

**Mathematician Job Description** Conduct research in fundamental mathematics or in application of mathematical techniques to science, management, and other fields. Solve problems in various fields using mathematical methods.

## Life As a Mathematician: What Do They Do?

- Perform computations and apply methods of numerical analysis to data.
- Design, analyze, and decipher encryption systems designed to transmit military, political, financial, or law-enforcement-related information in code.
- Develop mathematical or statistical models of phenomena to be used for analysis or for computational simulation.
- Develop computational methods for solving problems that occur in areas of science and engineering or that come from applications in business or industry.
- Conduct research to extend mathematical knowledge in traditional areas, such as algebra, geometry, probability, and logic.
- Maintain knowledge in the field by reading professional journals, talking with other mathematicians, and attending professional conferences.

## Skills Needed to be a Mathematician

When polled, Mathematicians say the following skills are most frequently used in their jobs:

**Mathematics**: Using mathematics to solve problems.

**Reading Comprehension**: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

**Complex Problem Solving**: Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

**Critical Thinking**: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

**Active Learning**: Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

**Active Listening**: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

## Related Job Titles for this Occupation:

- Engineering Mathematician
- Cryptographer
- Director of Quantitative Research
- Cryptographic Vulnerability Analyst
- Geometrician

## What Kind of Mathematician Job Opportunities Are There?

There were about 3,100 jobs for Mathematician in 2016 (in the United States). New jobs are being produced at a rate of 29% which is above the national average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts 900 new jobs for Mathematician by 2026. There will be an estimated 300 positions for Mathematician per year.

The states with the most job growth for Mathematician are **Idaho, New Jersey, and Virginia**. Watch out if you plan on working in **Maryland, Washington, or Pennsylvania**. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

## Mathematician Salary

The typical yearly salary for Mathematicians is somewhere between $57,150 and $160,550.

Mathematicians who work in **District of Columbia, Virginia, or Washington**, make the highest salaries.

### Below is a list of the median annual salaries for Mathematicians in different U.S. states.

State | Annual Mean Salary |
---|---|

California | $100,000 |

Colorado | $122,840 |

District of Columbia | $133,870 |

Florida | $87,820 |

Illinois | $103,220 |

Maryland | $115,940 |

Nevada | $79,980 |

New Jersey | $117,060 |

New Mexico | $106,790 |

New York | $84,670 |

Ohio | $86,280 |

Pennsylvania | $76,250 |

Rhode Island | $90,640 |

Virginia | $121,240 |

Washington | $123,380 |

## What Tools do Mathematicians Use?

Although they’re not necessarily needed for all jobs, the following technologies are used by many Mathematicians:

- Microsoft Excel
- Microsoft Word
- Microsoft Office
- JavaScript
- Microsoft PowerPoint
- Microsoft Outlook
- Web browser software
- Python
- Microsoft Access
- MySQL
- Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop
- Structured query language SQL
- The MathWorks MATLAB
- SAS
- Linux
- Microsoft Visual Basic
- Extensible markup language XML
- IBM SPSS Statistics
- UNIX
- PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor

## Becoming a Mathematician

Education needed to be a Mathematician:

## How Long Does it Take to Become a Mathematician?

## Mathematicians Sector

Below are examples of industries where Mathematicians work:

## References:

Image Credit: Wallpoper via Public domain

More about our data sources and methodologies.