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Computer Programmer

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What Do Computer Programmer Do?

Career Description Create, modify, and test the code, forms, and script that allow computer applications to run. Work from specifications drawn up by software developers or other individuals. May assist software developers by analyzing user needs and designing software solutions. May develop and write computer programs to store, locate, and retrieve specific documents, data, and information.

Daily Life Of a Computer Programmer

  • Write, analyze, review, and rewrite programs, using workflow chart and diagram, and applying knowledge of computer capabilities, subject matter, and symbolic logic.
  • Train users on the use and function of computer programs.
  • Consult with and assist computer operators or system analysts to define and resolve problems in running computer programs.
  • Prepare detailed workflow charts and diagrams that describe input, output, and logical operation, and convert them into a series of instructions coded in a computer language.
  • Collaborate with computer manufacturers and other users to develop new programming methods.
  • Consult with managerial, engineering, and technical personnel to clarify program intent, identify problems, and suggest changes.

What a Computer Programmer Should Know

Below is a list of the skills most Computer Programmers say are important on the job.

Programming: Writing computer programs for various purposes.

Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Complex Problem Solving: Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Quality Control Analysis: Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.

Systems Analysis: Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Types of Computer Programmer Jobs

  • Engineering Programmer
  • Java Programmer
  • Game Programmer
  • Operating System Programmer
  • Database Programmer

Is There Going to be Demand for Computer Programmers?

In the United States, there were 294,900 jobs for Computer Programmer in 2016. There is little to no growth in job opportunities for Computer Programmer. There will be an estimated 15,500 positions for Computer Programmer per year.

Forecasted Number of Jobs for Computer Programmers in U.S.

The states with the most job growth for Computer Programmer are Utah, Louisiana, and Washington. Watch out if you plan on working in Ohio, Maine, or New Jersey. These states have the worst job growth for this type of profession.

How Much Does a Computer Programmer Make?

The typical yearly salary for Computer Programmers is somewhere between $48,790 and $134,630.

Salary Ranges for Computer Programmers

Computer Programmers who work in Washington, District of Columbia, or California, make the highest salaries.

How much do Computer Programmers make in different U.S. states?

State Annual Mean Salary
Alabama $87,340
Alaska $86,080
Arizona $95,900
Arkansas $71,540
California $97,470
Colorado $94,750
Connecticut $93,370
Delaware $80,260
District of Columbia $105,200
Florida $78,890
Georgia $92,390
Hawaii $72,370
Idaho $76,500
Illinois $91,860
Indiana $80,850
Iowa $78,940
Kansas $75,780
Kentucky $72,190
Louisiana $77,450
Maine $84,830
Maryland $93,000
Massachusetts $95,380
Michigan $76,450
Minnesota $86,710
Mississippi $73,940
Missouri $76,530
Montana $94,480
Nebraska $76,540
Nevada $80,580
New Hampshire $75,680
New Jersey $85,750
New Mexico $72,770
New York $91,250
North Carolina $94,570
North Dakota $76,180
Ohio $74,930
Oklahoma $83,090
Oregon $79,470
Pennsylvania $85,800
South Carolina $81,940
South Dakota $57,060
Tennessee $82,400
Texas $91,970
Utah $83,700
Vermont $81,680
Virginia $94,470
Washington $126,920
West Virginia $83,160
Wisconsin $79,420
Wyoming $71,910

Tools & Technologies Used by Computer Programmers

Although they’re not necessarily needed for all jobs, the following technologies are used by many Computer Programmers:

How to Become a Computer Programmer

Individuals working as a Computer Programmer have obtained the following education levels:

Computer Programmer Degree Level

What work experience do I need to become a Computer Programmer?

Computer Programmer Work Experience

Where Computer Programmers Are Employed

Computer Programmer Sectors

The table below shows the approximate number of Computer Programmers employed by various industries.

Computer Programmer Industries

You May Also Be Interested In…

Those thinking about becoming a Computer Programmer might also be interested in the following careers:

Career changers with experience as a Computer Programmer sometimes find work in one of the following fields:


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